Pop culture obsessives writing for the pop culture obsessed.
Pop culture obsessives writing for the pop culture obsessed.


Illustration for article titled Martyrs

“I’m not sure you have made the right decision.” —director Pascal Laugier, in his video introduction to the Martyrs DVD


Martyrs is a black hole. It’s not an entertaining film. It’s not a hopeful or redemptive film. It’s a film to be reckoned with, a repository of darkness and evil that pushes the “extreme horror” genre as far as it can possibly go. (Takashi Miike has to feel pretty miffed about that.) Never released theatrically in the United States—it was bought by the Weinstein Company, but according to an interview with director Pascal Laugier, Bob Weinstein himself couldn’t make it to the end—Martyrs now exists as a dare on DVD, the film equivalent of kids egging each other into checking out the scary-looking house down the road. It sustains a heightened, steadily ratcheted anxiety and manufactures increasingly repulsive and sickeningly provocative imagery, all without even teasing the possibility of relief. It’s sick shit, in other words, and if you’re in the camp that finds nothing edifying about the experience of watching it, you’re likely to want to see it (and perhaps Laugier) dropped from a great height.

And yet, like many of the best—or at least most notorious—modern horror films, Martyrs is unmistakably stained by the era in which it was made. In interviews, Laugier has said the film arose from his sad intuition that “our occidental urban societies are filled with despair and brutality,” a feeling that “we’re living a world close to its own end.” To a degree, his film could be fairly slagged as one that indulges in stylish, art-horror nihilism for its own sake, particularly in its direct and exploitative evocation of real 20th-century genocide. But his is also a movie about torture, revenge, and the seemingly boundless capacity for human cruelty, and in that sense, it’s unquestionably relevant and a legitimate comment on the world as it is right now. Martyrs has naturally provoked a sharply polarized response, but my own response is more troubled and complicated—mostly positive and admiring of Laugier’s audacious and singular vision, but unsettled by some of the dubious places he chooses to go.

Most of the conversation people have about Martyrs concerns its final 30 minutes or so, and for good reason: That’s when the film shifts gears and heads into the torture sequences that have given it such notoriety. (And definitively trumped the most harrowing moments in other French extreme horror movies like High Tension, Frontier(s), and Inside.) What they forget is that the first hour is completely gripping and suspenseful in an entirely different and infinitely more palatable way. Yes, it’s bloody and disturbing in its own right, but it’s also genuinely charged and full of arresting ambiguity, far from the clinical sickness that follows in the third act. Torture isn’t in the foreground yet, but informs the action, as a once-abused child grows up to exact a revenge that may be just or may be the product of a haunted and irretrievably damaged mind.

[Warning: Spoilers from here on out. If you have any intention of seeing Martyrs with a relatively clean slate, here’s your cue to exit and come back later.]

Opening with a steel-door slam that pays homage to the film’s more respected ancestor, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, the prologue finds a mutilated young girl hobbling and screaming in flight from the warehouse in which she’s been kept and tortured. When she lands at an orphanage, Lucie (played later by Mylène Jampanoï) proves remote and erratic, and she’s bothered by nightmares that bleed into her waking life. Lucie finds a friend in a fellow orphan named Anna (played later by Morjana Alaoui), and 15 years later, Anna helps Lucie find the sickos responsible for abusing her. The search leads Lucie and her double-barreled shotgun to a bourgeois household, where mom and dad are sitting down for breakfast with their normal teenaged children. Here’s a NSFW taste of the before and (slightly) after:


Once she finishes mercilessly dispatching of this family—even the innocents, in a Medea-like act of all-consuming fury—Lucie summons Anna to help her dispose of the bodies. And right away, Anna’s dilemma is clear: She loves her friend and likely feels Lucie’s torturers deserve whatever gruesome fate Lucie has planned for them, but she’s not convinced these are the culprits. She doesn’t trust the clarity of Lucie’s memory and she’s not reassured by reports of a hostile figure—the same mutilated creature that’s appeared to Lucie in dreams—still skittering about the house, straight razor in hand. When the mother of the house turns out to be still alive, Anna furtively sets about trying to free her, now convinced that Lucie’s inner demons have tragically screwed her perception.

What happens next is fiendishly clever on Laugier’s part, because it’s one of those ironic moments, like the end of George Romero’s Martin, that definitively resolves a question without answering it. Lucie catches Anna trying to drag the mother to safety and blows the mother away; Lucie’s then seized by a creature that slashes, beats, and eventually kills her, but turns out to be a deadly manifestation of her imagination. Lucie’s suicide (of sorts) may seem like sad confirmation to Anna that her friend was simply crazy, but she can’t know for sure and neither can we. And though we in the audience are aware that there’s plenty of movie left, Laugier lets that sick ambiguity linger before dropping the other shoe. It’s a great piece of filmmaking and I fear that arguments over the film’s subsequent content have kept that from being acknowledged.


Then again, the last half hour leaves an awfully big welt. A little investigation leads Anna into a secret, high-tech underground corridor where she soon discovers that her friend was right. And predictably, after finding a naked, emaciated, slashed-up young woman in a torture dungeon and trying to save her, Anna is confronted by a group of black-clad thugs who hold her captive. Their leader is “Mademoiselle,” a sinister middle-aged woman who tells Anna about her macabre cult, which involves systematically torturing “martyrs” under the belief that their extreme pain will provide a window to the afterlife. Her speech is the only talky scene in an otherwise visceral film, and it’s here where the dubiousness starts:


In the final act, which is as bloodless and clinical as the first two-thirds were propulsive and emotional, Laugier seeks not just to reveal humankind’s capacity for cruelty and exploitation, but its capacity for suffering as well. The explicitness of Anna’s torture and “martyrdom”—a demonstration of female strength and resilience that’s meant as a (suspect) type of feminism—isn’t quite like that in so-called “torture porn” movie. It’s not mediated by gimmicky machines like those in Saw franchise or carried out in the spirit of psychosis or vengeance, as in Wolf Creek or The Devil’s Rejects. It has more in common with real, institutional forms of torture and human experimentation, and is conducted with an emotional distance that’s infinitely more disturbing and terrible. We simply watch Anna get broken down—systematically, inexplicably:

Anna in heavy chains, force-fed a puke-yellow gruel, slapped for spitting it out… End of session


Anna taken off chains, slapped and beaten by a large male, woken from unconsciousness, slapped and beaten some more… End of session

Anna gets her hair cut… End of session

Anna fed more gruel, slapped some more… End of session

More punching in the stomach and face… End of session

And so on, until she’s so completely pliant that she doesn’t wince or fight or feel fear any more. Then it’s on to “Stage Four,” which is so horrific it isn’t worth describing. All of these sessions are handled in brief, methodical chunk, followed by a cut to black. They have the effect of breaking down the audience, too, because we eventually come to the realization that Anna—though strong and resilient in the classic “Final Girl” way—has about as much chance of extricating herself from this situation as detainees not named Harold and Kumar have of escaping Guantanamo Bay. Being robbed of that narrative expectation is incredibly deflating, even soul-crushing, and I think Laugier means it to be. On some level, Martyrs feels like a comment on other films of its kind, because it shuts down any notion that pleasure could be derived from watching it. It feels like the death of extreme horror—or at least takes the subgenre as far as it can conceivably go.


Let me state the obvious: I’m not sure why anyone would want to sit through Martyrs, and judging from Laugier’s DVD intro/warning, he doesn’t seem that sure, either. And the film, curiously and objectionably, seems to affirm the cultists’ notions of transcendence through agony, rather than flatly dismiss them as vile, morally bankrupt bourgeois sadists. Yet it’s still a considerable effort, analogous to Salo: 120 Days Of Sodom in its attempt to evoke modern-day atrocities without compromise or restraint. (That people get up in arms about movies like Martyrs while shrugging off the “Damn right” justifications for real-life torture is telling, I think.) Martyrs is something of a horror milestone—a dire one to some, but a movie to be reckoned with all the same.

Coming Up (with slight holiday schedule adjustments):

December 23: Point Break

January 13: Real Genius

January 27: Series 7: The Contenders